my Top page便利な大福帳ドジ話の目次前のドジ話次のドジ話

Samba Server のインストールは出来たけど・・・。

  1998年10月26日(月)


  マシン2台でネットワークを組んでいます。それぞれのマシンに FreeBSD
 と M$-Win95 をインストールしています。個人的には M$-Win95 等不要なの
ですが、
子供達がこれしか使えないので仕方無く入れています。どうせ入っているのな
ら、FreeBSD をM$-Win95 のファイルサーバーにしてみようと思い立ちました。
  「FreeBSD徹底活用 1 ネットワーク編」という本を参考にして、Samba をイ
ンストールして MS-Windows95 とのネットワーク設定を始めました。

構成は次のとおりです。samba-1.9.18.8 は参考書付属の FreeBSD 2.2.7-R 用
CD からパッケージでインストールしています。samba-1.9.18.10 も同様にイン
ストールして試して見ましたが、結果は同じでした。FreeBAS 2.2.7-R は、
UNIX USER 11月号の CD から新規インストールしています。

PC1 マシン名 EVA    FreeBSD 2.2.7-R (MS-Windows95b もインストール)
                     samba-1.9.18.8
                     DNS サーバー   domain = home
                     ed0 = 192.168.128.2  eva.home

PC2 マシン名 DORA   MS-Windows95 (b ではありません)
                     ed0 = 192.168.128.12 natu.home

両方のワークグループ名は、 MYGROUP  としています。

が、Samba は正常に稼働していないようです。
起動確認を次のように行ってみると、

% ps auxw | grep mbd
akiyama    228  0.0  0.8   240  480  p0  S+    8:37AM    0:00.04 grep mbd
root       178  0.0  1.2   632  736  ??  Is    8:20AM    0:00.01 /usr/local/sbin/smbd -D
root       180  0.0  1.2   480  768  ??  Ss    8:20AM    0:00.11 /usr/local/sbin/nmbd -D
% 

とsmbd と nmbd のプロセスは実行されていますが、

次のように
smbclient コマンドを実行すると、

% smbclient -d 4 -L 127.0.0.1
1998/11/01 09:02:27 client started (version 1.9.18p8)
Initialising global parameters
params.c:pm_process() - Processing configuration file "/usr/local/etc/smb.conf"
Processing section "[global]"
doing parameter workgroup = MYGROUP
doing parameter server string = Samba Server
doing parameter load printers = yes
doing parameter log file = /var/log/log.%m
doing parameter max log size = 50
doing parameter security = user
doing parameter socket options = TCP_NODELAY
doing parameter dns proxy = no
pm_process() returned Yes
adding IPC service
Netmask for ed0 = 255.255.255.0
Derived broadcast address 192.168.128.255
Added interface ip=192.168.128.2 bcast=192.168.128.255 nmask=255.255.255.0
Opening sockets
Connecting to 127.0.0.1 at port 139
Connected
Session request failed (0,0) with myname=EVA destname=127.0.0.1
Unspecified error 0x0
Your server software is being unfriendly

でも、windows95 client である natu を試しにやってみました。
>  smbclient -L natu
というように。

そうすると、natu 関連のディレクトリ等は表示されます。実際はこういう
結果が出るのだろうということは推測できました。
# FreeBSD 徹底活用1 に記載されている例と同じように表示されました。
MS-Windows95 の "Microsoftネットワーク共有サービス"を設定すると EVA という
マシン名は表れます。が、クリックしても"ネットワークにアクセスできません"のメッセ
ージが出、ファイルにアクセス出来ません。
ping コマンドは双方から送れます。MS-Windows95 からは telnet で EVA マシン
にログインは出来ています。

設定ファイル関係は参考書の sample ファイルをそのままコピーし、編集せずに使っています。

何が原因で正常に稼働しないのかかさっぱり判りません。検索でこのエラーメッセージとして同じ
ものが出ているという投稿が有りましたが、その結果がどうなったかについては捜すことが出来
ませんでした。

/etc/hosts (および Windows/Hosts)は以下の様にしています。

127.0.0.1       localhost       localhost.home  eva.home
192.168.128.2   eva.home        eva     #FreeBSD227R EVA DNS
192.168.128.11  dora.home       dora    #FreeBSD226R DORA
192.168.128.12  natu.home       natu    #Win95 DORA
192.168.128.13  hiro.home       hiro    #FreeBSD227R DORA
192.168.128.14  tama.home       tama    #Win95 EVA

lmhosts は下記のように設定しています。

# /usr/local/etc/lmhosts   1998.10.31 make by manpou
127.0.0.1               localhost
192.168.128.2           eva
192.168.128.11          dora
192.168.128.12          natu
192.168.128.13          hiro
192.168.128.14          tama

/etc/ディレクトリに lmhosts を置いても同じでした。

# /windows/lmhosts   1998.10.31 make by manpou
127.0.0.1               localhost
192.168.128.2           eva
192.168.128.11          dora
192.168.128.12          natu
192.168.128.13          hiro
192.168.128.14          tama


Samba /usr/local/etc/smb.conf ファイルはちゃんと記述されているようで、
エラーは出ません。テスト結果は下記の様です。

% testparm
Load smb config files from /usr/local/etc/smb.conf
Processing section "[homes]"
Processing section "[netlogon]"
Processing section "[Profiles]"
Loaded services file OK.
Press enter to see a dump of your service definitions

# Global parameters
        debuglevel = 2
        syslog = 1
        syslog only = No
        protocol = NT1
        security = USER
        max disk size = 0
        lpq cache time = 10
        announce as = NT
        encrypt passwords = No
        update encrypted = No
        getwd cache = Yes
        read prediction = No
        read bmpx = Yes
        read raw = Yes
        write raw = Yes
        use rhosts = No
        load printers = Yes
        null passwords = No
        strip dot = No
        interfaces = 
        bind interfaces only = No
        networkstation user login = No
        password server = 
        socket options = TCP_NODELAY
        netbios name = 
        netbios aliases = 
        smbrun = /usr/local/bin/smbrun
        log file = /var/log/log.%m
        config file = 
        smb passwd file = /usr/local/private/smbpasswd
        hosts equiv = 
        preload = 
        server string = Samba Server
        printcap name = /etc/printcap
        lock dir = /var/spool/lock
        root directory = /
        default service = 
        message command = 
        dfree command = 
        passwd program = /usr/local/bin/smbpasswd
        passwd chat = *old*password* %o\n *new*password* %n\n *new*password* %n\n *changed*
        passwd chat debug = No
        valid chars = 
        workgroup = MYGROUP
        username map = 
        character set = 
        logon script = 
        logon path = \\%N\%U\profile
        logon drive = 
        logon home = \\%N\%U
        remote announce = 
        remote browse sync = 
        socket address = 0.0.0.0
        homedir map = 
        announce version = 4.2
        max log size = 50
        mangled stack = 50
        max mux = 50
        max xmit = 65535
        max packet = 65535
        name resolve order = lmhosts host wins bcast
        packet size = 65535
        password level = 0
        username level = 0
        keepalive = 0
        deadtime = 0
        time offset = 0
        read size = 16384
        shared mem size = 102400
        coding system = cap
        client code page = 932
        os level = 0
        max ttl = 14400
        max wins ttl = 259200
        min wins ttl = 21600
        lm announce = Auto
        lm interval = 60
        dns proxy = No
        wins support = No
        wins proxy = No
        wins server = 
        preferred master = No
        local master = Yes
        domain master = No
        domain logons = No
        browse list = Yes
        unix realname = No
        NIS homedir = No
        unix password sync = No
        time server = No
        ole locking compatibility = Yes
        printer driver file = /usr/local/etc/printers.def


# Default service parameters
        comment = 
        copy = 
        include = 
        exec = 
        postexec = 
        root preexec = 
        root postexec = 
        alternate permissions = No
        revalidate = No
        default case = lower
        case sensitive = No
        preserve case = No
        short preserve case = No
        mangle case = No
        mangling char = ~
        browseable = Yes
        available = Yes
        path = 
        username = 
        guest account = pcguest
        invalid users = 
        valid users = 
        admin users = 
        read list = 
        write list = 
        volume = 
        force user = 
        force group = 
        read only = Yes
        max connections = 0
        min print space = 0
        create mask = 0744
        force create mode = 00
        directory mask = 0755
        force directory mode = 00
        set directory = No
        status = Yes
        hide dot files = Yes
        delete veto files = No
        veto files = 
        hide files = 
        veto oplock files = 
        guest only = No
        guest ok = No
        print ok = No
        postscript = No
        map system = No
        map hidden = No
        map archive = Yes
        locking = Yes
        strict locking = No
        share modes = Yes
        oplocks = Yes
        only user = No
        wide links = Yes
        follow symlinks = Yes
        sync always = No
        strict sync = No
        mangled names = Yes
        fake oplocks = No
        printing = bsd
        print command = lpr -r -P%p %s
        lpq command = lpq -P%p
        lprm command = lprm -P%p %j
        lppause command = 
        lpresume command = 
        queuepause command = 
        queueresume command = 
        printer = 
        printer driver = NULL
        printer driver location = 
        hosts allow = 
        hosts deny = 
        dont descend = 
        magic script = 
        magic output = 
        mangled map = 
        delete readonly = No
        dos filetimes = No
        dos filetime resolution = No
        fake directory create times = No

[homes]
        comment = Home Directories
        browseable = No
        read only = No

[netlogon]
        comment = Network Logon Service
        path = /usr/local/samba/lib/netlogon
        guest ok = Yes
        share modes = No

[Profiles]
        browseable = No
        path = /usr/local/samba/profiles
        print ok = Yes

[IPC$]
        comment = IPC Service (Samba Server)
        path = /tmp
        status = No
        guest ok = Yes
% 
  先日、「FreeBSD徹底活用 1 ネットワーク編」という参考書を買いました。
この本を参考にして、Samba をインストールして MS-Windows95 とのネット
ワーク設定を始めました。

構成は次のとおりです。samba-1.9.18.8 は参考書付属の FreeBSD 2.2.7-R 用
CD からパッケージでインストールしています。samba-1.9.18.10 も同様にイン
ストールして試して見ましたが、結果は同じでした。FreeBAS 2.2.7-R は、
UNIX USER 11月号の CD から新規インストールしています。

PC1 マシン名 EVA    FreeBSD 2.2.7-R (MS-Windows95b もインストール)
                     samba-1.9.18.8
                     DNS サーバー   domain = home
                     ed0 = 192.168.128.2  eva.home

PC2 マシン名 DORA   MS-Windows95 (b ではありません)
                     ed0 = 192.168.128.12 natu.home

両方のワークグループ名は、 MYGROUP  としています。

が、Samba は正常に稼働していないようです。
起動確認を次のように行ってみると、

% ps auxw | grep mbd
akiyama    228  0.0  0.8   240  480  p0  S+    8:37AM    0:00.04 grep mbd
root       178  0.0  1.2   632  736  ??  Is    8:20AM    0:00.01 /usr/local/sbin/smbd -D
root       180  0.0  1.2   480  768  ??  Ss    8:20AM    0:00.11 /usr/local/sbin/nmbd -D
% 

とsmbd と nmbd のプロセスは実行されていますが、

次のように
smbclient コマンドを実行すると、

% smbclient -L 127.0.0.1
Added interface ip=192.168.128.2 bcast=192.168.128.255 nmask=255.255.255.0
Session request failed (0,0) with myname=EVA destname=127.0.0.1
Unspecified error 0x0
Your server software is being unfriendly
%

というエラーメッセージが返されます。
MS-Windows95 から確認しても、見えていません。
MS-Windows95 の "Microsoftネットワーク共有サービス"を設定すると EVA という
マシン名は表れます。が、クリックしても"ネットワークにアクセスできません"のメッセ
ージが出、ファイルにアクセス出来ません。
ping コマンドは双方から送れます。MS-Windows95 からは telnet で EVA マシン
にログインは出来ています。

設定ファイル関係は参考書の sample ファイルをそのままコピーし、編集せずに使っています。

何が原因で正常に稼働しないのかかさっぱり判りません。検索でこのエラーメッセージとして同じ
ものが出ているという投稿が有りましたが、その結果がどうなったかについては捜すことが出来
ませんでした。

よろしくお願いいたします。

設定したファイルは、次の2つです。

---------- /usr/local/etc/rc.d/samba.sh-----------
#!/bin/sh
smbspool=/var/spool/samba
smbd=/usr/local/sbin/smbd
nmbd=/usr/local/sbin/nmbd

if [ -f $smbd ]; then
        if [ -d $smbspool ]; then
                rm -f $smbspool/*
        fi
        echo -n ' Samba'
        $smbd -D
        $nmbd -D
fi

---------- /usr/local/etc/smb.conf-----------

# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too
# many!) most of which are not shown in this example
#
# Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash) 
# is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
# for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you
# may wish to enable
#
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"
# to check that you have not many any basic syntactic errors. 
#
#======================= Global Settings =====================================
[global]

# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name
   workgroup = MYGROUP

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
   server string = Samba Server

# This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict
# connections to machines which are on your local network. The
# following example restricts access to two C class networks and
# the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see
# the smb.conf man page
;   hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127.

# If you want to automatically load your printer list rather
# than setting them up individually then you'll need this
   load printers = yes

# you may wish to override the location of the printcap file
;   printcap name = /etc/printcap

# on SystemV system setting printcap name to lpstat should allow
# you to automatically obtain a printer list from the SystemV spool
# system
;   printcap name = lpstat

# It should not be necessary to specify the print system type unless
# it is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include:
# bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx
;   printing = bsd

# Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd
# otherwise the user "nobody" is used
;  guest account = pcguest

# this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
   log file = /var/log/log.%m

# Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
   max log size = 50

# Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See
# security_level.txt for details.
   security = user
# Use password server option only with security = server
;   password server = 

# Password Level allows matching of _n_ characters of the password for
# all combinations of upper and lower case.
;  password level = 8

# You may wish to use password encryption. Please read
# ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation.
# Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents
;  encrypt passwords = yes

# Unix users can map to different SMB User names
;  username map = /etc/smbusers

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
;   include = /usr/local/samba/lib/smb.conf.%m

# Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
# See speed.txt and the manual pages for details
   socket options = TCP_NODELAY 

# Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
# If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them
# here. See the man page for details.
;   interfaces = 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24 

# Configure remote browse list synchronisation here
#  request announcement to, or browse list sync from:
#       a specific host or from / to a whole subnet (see below)
;   remote browse sync = 192.168.3.25 192.168.5.255
# Cause this host to announce itself to local subnets here
;   remote announce = 192.168.1.255 192.168.2.44

# Browser Control Options:
# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
;   local master = no

# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable
;   os level = 33

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
;   domain master = yes 

# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
;   preferred master = yes

# Use only if you have an NT server on your network that has been
# configured at install time to be a primary domain controller.
;   domain controller = 

# Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for 
# Windows95 workstations. 
;   domain logons = yes

# if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or
# per user logon script
# run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)
;   logon script = %m.bat
# run a specific logon batch file per username
;   logon script = %U.bat

# Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT)
#        %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username
#        You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below
;   logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
;   wins support = yes

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
#       Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
;   wins server = w.x.y.z

# WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
# behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
# at least one  WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
;   wins proxy = yes

# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
# via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes,
# this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no.
   dns proxy = no 

# Case Preservation can be handy - system default is _no_
# NOTE: These can be set on a per share basis
;  preserve case = no
;  short preserve case = no
# Default case is normally upper case for all DOS files
;  default case = lower
# Be very careful with case sensitivity - it can break things!
;  case sensitive = no

# Client codepage settings

# for Greek users
; client code page=737

# for European users (Latin 1)
; client code page=850

# for European users (Latin 2)
; client code page=852

# for Icelandic users
; client code page=861

# for Cyrillic users
; client code page=866

# for Japanese Users
; client code page=932
; coding system=cap

# for Simplified Chinese Users
; client code page=936
; coding system=cap

# for Korean Users
; client code page=949
; coding system=cap


# for Traditional Chinese Users
; client code page=950
; coding system=cap

# Samba performance workaround:
#  If you have performance problem, please test these parameters.
# Simon Lindgren  's example:
;   getwd cache = Yes
;   max xmit = 8192
;   read raw = yes
;   read prediction = yes
;   read size = 8192
;   socket options = IPTOS_LOWDELAY TCP_NODELAY
# Jerry Bell  's example:
;   socket options = IPTOS_LOWDELAY TCP_NODELAY SO_SNDBUF=16384 SO_RCVBUF=16384
;   readsize = 16384
;   read prediction = true

#============================ Share Definitions ==============================
[homes]
   comment = Home Directories
   browseable = no
   writable = yes

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
; [netlogon]
;   comment = Network Logon Service
;   path = /usr/local/samba/lib/netlogon
;   guest ok = yes
;   writable = no
;   share modes = no


# Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
# the default is to use the user's home directory
;[Profiles]
;    path = /usr/local/samba/profiles
;    browseable = no
;    guest ok = yes


# NOTE: If you have a BSD-style print system there is no need to 
# specifically define each individual printer
[printers]
   comment = All Printers
   path = /var/spool/samba
   browseable = no
# Set public = yes to allow user 'guest account' to print
   guest ok = no


   writable = no
   printable = yes

# This one is useful for people to share files
;[tmp]
;   comment = Temporary file space
;   path = /tmp
;   read only = no
;   public = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
# the "staff" group
;[public]
;   comment = Public Stuff
;   path = /home/samba
;   public = yes
;   writable = yes
;   printable = no
;   write list = @staff

# Other examples. 
#
# A private printer, usable only by fred. Spool data will be placed in fred's
# home directory. Note that fred must have write access to the spool directory,
# wherever it is.
;[fredsprn]
;   comment = Fred's Printer
;   valid users = fred
;   path = /homes/fred
;   printer = freds_printer
;   public = no
;   writable = no
;   printable = yes

# A private directory, usable only by fred. Note that fred requires write
# access to the directory.
;[fredsdir]
;   comment = Fred's Service
;   path = /usr/somewhere/private
;   valid users = fred
;   public = no
;   writable = yes
;   printable = no

# a service which has a different directory for each machine that connects
# this allows you to tailor configurations to incoming machines. You could
# also use the %U option to tailor it by user name.
# The %m gets replaced with the machine name that is connecting.
;[pchome]
;  comment = PC Directories
;  path = /usr/pc/%m
;  public = no
;  writable = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, read/write to all users. Note that all files
# created in the directory by users will be owned by the default user, so
# any user with access can delete any other user's files. Obviously this
# directory must be writable by the default user. Another user could of course
# be specified, in which case all files would be owned by that user instead.
;[public]
;   path = /usr/somewhere/else/public
;   public = yes
;   only guest = yes
;   writable = yes
;   printable = no

# The following two entries demonstrate how to share a directory so that two
# users can place files there that will be owned by the specific users. In this
# setup, the directory should be writable by both users and should have the
# sticky bit set on it to prevent abuse. Obviously this could be extended to
# as many users as required.
;[myshare]
;   comment = Mary's and Fred's stuff
;   path = /usr/somewhere/shared
;   valid users = mary fred
;   public = no
;   writable = yes
;   printable = no
;   create mask = 0765



my Top page便利な大福帳ドジ話の目次前のドジ話次のドジ話